Thu06222017

Last updateTue, 13 Jun 2017 9am

Tracking international events relevant to India

India can learn from the US experience in securing its borders

After 9/11, the United States created a Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which brought under its umbrella a large number of disparate agencies dealing with law enforcement, border protection and related matters. The stated mission of DHS is simply to protect the country against those who seek to disrupt the American way of life. It is a unified department with the present strength exceeding 225,000. The department deals with a host of issues including customs and border protection, immigration, coastal security, cyber security, NBC (nuclear, biological, chemical) attacks, law enforcement, counter-narcotics, disaster management and transport security. It co-ordinates its efforts with a large number of federal, state and local agencies. Its annual budget is close to $50 billion.

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Strategic Road-Building along the India-China border

One of the most strategic landscapes for India is the northeast of India. The region shares a 4,500 km international border with Bangladesh, Bhutan, China and Myanmar. The 1,080 km border with China across the state of Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast is disputed, a dispute that led to a war between India and China in 1962. While the 1962 war did not escalate beyond a border war, the cause of the war, a disputed border, has not been resolved as yet. Besides a disputed border, China also claims 90,000 square kms of territory in the northeast; which includes the entire state of Arunachal Pradesh.

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